In the vast domain of metallic material processing, the unique characteristics of pure titanium shine through, showcasing remarkable attributes in stamping processes and welding performance, coupled with heightened strength and hardness. Let’s delve into the world of pure titanium and its applications across diverse industries.
I. Crafting Pure Titanium: A Symphony of Precision
The meticulous crafting of pure titanium involves a dual-phase melting process in a vacuum environment. At least one instance occurs within the confines of a vacuum consumable electrode arc furnace. Components are cast in a vacuum chamber furnace. The versatility of industrial-grade pure titanium extends to both hot and cold processing.
To safeguard against the susceptibility of titanium to oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen absorption during heating — factors that can diminish plasticity and degrade performance — utmost care is taken to maintain a neutral or mildly oxidizing atmosphere within the furnace. Reduction atmospheres are strictly avoided, and the use of hydrogen for heating is prohibited. Processes like forging, extrusion, rolling, and drawing can be seamlessly executed on conventional equipment. The optimal temperature range for hot processing falls between 800 to 900°C. Cold processing requires intermediate annealing when the cold working rate reaches a specific threshold, typically 30% to 60%.
II. Applications Unveiled: The Diverse Usages of Pure Titanium
Titanium Sheets: Crafting Excellence
a) Eyeglass Sheets (Pure Titanium): Ranging from 0.8 to 8.0mm. b) Standard Sheets (Pure Titanium): Dimensions of 1x2m, with a thickness range of 0.5 to 20mm. c) Plating and Industry-Use Sheets (Pure Titanium): Thickness spanning from 0.1 to 50mm. d) β-Titanium Sheets: Thickness varying from 0.5 to 4.0mm.
From electronics to horology, and from eyewear to precision machining, pure titanium sheets find their applications in a myriad of industries including chemical, jewelry, sports equipment, plating equipment, environmental protection equipment, and more.
Titanium Tubes: A Tubular Marvel
Specifications of Titanium Tubes: With a diameter range of φ6 to φ120mm and wall thickness spanning 0.3 to 3.0mm.
Titanium tubes serve diverse purposes in industries such as environmental protection, cooling systems, titanium heating applications, plating equipment, rings, and various precision electrical conduits.
Titanium Wires: Wiring the Future
a) β-Titanium Wire Specifications: Diameter ranging from φ0.8 to φ6.0mm. b) Eyeglass Titanium Wire Specifications: Diameter from φ1.0 to φ6.0mm, specialized for eyewear. c) Titanium Wire Specifications: Diameter spanning from φ0.2 to φ8.0mm, dedicated to hanging accessories.
With applications in the military, medical field, sports equipment, eyewear, earrings, headgear, plating accessories, and welding wires, titanium wires prove their mettle in various sectors.
Titanium Bars: The Foundation of Strength
a) Square Bar Specifications: Ranging from 8 to 12mm. b) Polished Round Bars: Diameter from φ4 to φ60mm. c) Coarse Bars, Black Skin Bars: Diameter spanning from φ6 to φ120mm.
Primarily used in mechanical equipment, plating equipment, medical applications, and various precision components, titanium bars form the sturdy foundation of numerous industries.
The unparalleled processing and utility performance of pure titanium have successfully addressed myriad engineering challenges, presenting vast application potential and promising market prospects. In the ever-evolving landscape of metallic material processing, pure titanium stands as a beacon of innovation and reliability.